This is the Tri-ang Minic Ships model of the Japanese battleship IJNS Yamato, lead ship of a class of two, which with her sister ship IJNS Musashi were the largest battleships ever built at 65,000 tons. The 18.1" guns of these ships were the largest guns ever put to sea and their 16" armour protection was also unsurpassed in naval construction.
After commissioning in late 1941 Yamato served as flagship of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto commander in Chief of the Combined Fleet during 1942 participating in operations at Midway, Truk and Guadalcanal. After a period in dry-dock for maintenance Yamato returned to Truk in mid 1943 as part of a mobile force defending Japan's Central Pacific bases and took part in operations in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands.
In December 1943 Yamato suffered severe damage when torpedoed by USS Skate (SS-305) while entering Truk Atoll and was under repair until April 1944. During 1944 she took part in the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June, and the Battle of Leyte Gulf in October. In the course of the latter action Yamato sank the aircraft carrier USS Gambier Bay, two destroyers and a destroyer escort off the island of Samar after having been attacked several times by US Navy aircraft.
She suffered relatively minor damage in the Battle of Leyte Gulf but with Allied success in the Pacific campaign was withdrawn to the Japanese home islands in November 1944 and was based in Japan during the winter of 1944-45. Yamato suffered further light damage in March 1945 when attacked by US Navy carrier aircraft during raids on the Japanese home islands.
In April 1945 Yamato was despatched to defend Okinawa as part of the "Ten-Go" Operation but on 7th April 1945, while still some 200 miles north of Okinawa, Yamato was attacked by a massive force of US Navy carrier aircraft. She capsized, exploded and sank after being hit by more than ten bombs and twelve torpedoes during the course of the battle . More than three quarters of her 2500 + crew perished, only 269 survived.
The Yamato's wreck was located and examined in 1985 south west of Kyuscho at a depth of over 1000 feet.
The model of IJNS Yamato was one of the "Fighting Ships" series made in Hong Kong by Hornby under the Minic Ships name. In common with all the Hong Kong produced models Yamato has a red plastic bottom fitted with two plastic rollers.
|Builder:||Kure Navy Yard, Japan|
|Laid Down:||4th November 1937|
|Launched:||8th August 1940|
|Commissioned:||16th December 1941|
|Displacement:||72,809 tons Full Load|
|Length (OA):||863 ft 6 in ( 263.2 m )|
|Beam:||127 ft 7 in ( 38.9 m )|
|Draft:||35 ft 7 in ( 10.9 m ) maximum|
9 x 18.1" main guns in three triple turrets 2 forward, 1 aft
6 x 6.1" secondary guns in two triple turrets 1 forward, 1 aft
24 x 5" secondary guns in twelve twin turrets
72 x 25 mm anti-aircraft guns in twenty four triple mounts
2 x Triple 21" torpedo launcher
|Protection (Armour):||6" - 16" armour belt, 5.9" forward transverse bulkhead, 1.9" - 7.87" deck, 15" - 25.6" turrets, 21.5" barbettes|
|Propulsion:||12 Kanpon boilers in sets of three, 4 Kanpon geared turbines, 4 shafts, 153,553 shp|
|Maximum Speed:||27.46 knots|
|Aircraft:||2 catapults aft, 2 x Aichi E13A1 aircraft, 2 Mitsubishi F1M2|
|Disposal:||7th April 1945 sunk in action with superior American force|
|Further details can be obtained from the following linkss -|
|US Dept of the Navy - Naval Historical Center||http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-fornv/japan/japsh-xz/yamato.htm|